Generally, a lot of radiation equipment is exposed to hospitals, so it is very important to do a good job of radiation protection for medical staff. The good news is that medical institutions have many ways to improve radiation safety. Strengthening the hospital's radiation protection project will help to reduce and reduce radiation to a certain extent. So how should the main hospital radiation protection projects be carried out?
A good first step is to require all people engaged in radiation work, including doctors, equipment operators, technologists, nurses, anesthesiologists, and anyone else, to participate in radiation safety courses. Although some people may think that there is no time to do this during the working day, it must be a priority. Training cannot fail to improve the safety of radiation. For example, anyone who works in fluoroscopy, including technologists, physician assistants, nurses, and doctors, can be required to attend a fluoroscopy course and obtain permission.
It is also important to cultivate good communication between the medical team and make sure that everyone understands that radiation safety is his or her job. If nurses and technicians care about safe practices, they must be encouraged to speak up. Doctors must be made aware that their support staff need to speak up and that they need to consider these issues instead of ignoring them.
Dose reduction is also important because the radiation from the patient is scattered and the workers are exposed to a lot. Therefore, controlling the patient's dose is beneficial to both workers and patients. This includes minimizing the fluoroscopy time and the number of fluoroscopy images.
Shielding is another important security mechanism, and there are many types. It is important not only to use all available shields (if appropriate, request additional shields), but also to use them effectively. Shielding includes: 1) personal: apron with thyroid shield, leaded glasses; 2) equipment installation: protective curtain (particularly important for eye protection during intervention); 3) rolling and fixing shield; and 4) disposable patient Curtains to prevent scattered radiation. Building shielding is also necessary because any room that uses radiation must have a predetermined thickness of lead on walls, doors, windows, etc.
Hospital radiation protection project
In addition, there are many radiation safety features related to location and equipment, which requires not only a comprehensive understanding of the equipment, but also a comprehensive understanding of the radiation characteristics. Similarly, those who do not have a radiation background are at a disadvantage because they do not fully grasp how radiation works and therefore how to use radiation more safely.
Technicians should make full use of the built-in radiation reduction features of the equipment. Manufacturers should be required to provide regular training for new workers who may not know the safety features of the equipment. Operators should learn how to use and position the system to ensure lower radiation doses for patients and staff. Positioning can be effective or ineffective. Similarly, doctors and medical staff must understand the benefits and trade-offs.
In particular, an area that is often overlooked is the location of the tube that produces x-rays, which pass through the patient to the detector. The detector should be as close to the patient as possible to block scattered radiation, improve image quality, and reduce radiation. In procedures such as cardiac angioplasty and stent implantation, many operators consider it convenient for the probe to be far away from the patient, so it is easier to move around the patient. Unfortunately, if done incorrectly, this will result in a 50% to 60% increase in radiation to the patient.
Radiation is an important diagnostic tool, but it must be respected. Obviously, there is a lot of room for improvement in radiation safety practices, which varies greatly between different institutions and between different clinicians. All people working in a hospital's radiation environment, including technologists, nurses, doctors and others, must commit to using radiation more safely for everyone's benefit.