Robots are the most typical digital, mechatronics equipment with high technical added value and a wide range of applications. As a new industry in society, it will play an increasingly important role in future production and social development. Some experts predict that the robotics industry will become a new large-scale high-tech industry after automobiles and computers. "The 21st Century Japan’s Development Strategy for the Creation of Robot Society Technology Report" pointed out that "Robotics (RT), like information technology (IT), is an extremely important strategic high-tech field in terms of strengthening industrial competitiveness. Cultivating the future robot industry is to support 2l One of Japan’s industrial competitiveness strategies in the century is of great significance."
Regarding the classification of robots, there is no uniform international standard. Some are classified according to the control method, some are classified according to the degree of freedom, some are classified according to the load weight, some are classified according to the application field, and some are classified according to the structure. According to different uses, it can be roughly divided into welding robots, painting robots, gluing robots, clean room robots, clean room robots, clean room robots, handling robots, palletizing robots, cutting robots, assembly robots, automatic tractor (AGV) robots Wait. According to different application fields, there are currently two main types of robots in my country, namely, industrial robots and special robots. Two domestic industrial robots will be introduced below, namely a four-axis industrial robot and a six-axis industrial robot.
The four-axis industrial robot adopts a high-performance controller, which can control the robot to achieve high-speed point motion, spatial arc interpolation, spatial linear interpolation motion and other functions. In addition, the four-axis industrial robot has the following four notable characteristics: it is a multi-joint four-axis robot with completely independent property rights in China; it can be mass-produced and meets the cost calculation needs of enterprises in terms of price; it is suitable for simple and repetitive enterprises in enterprises. The small load handling station; suitable for industrial occasions, it can run stably and trouble-free for a long time.
The four-axis industrial robot has simple parameter configuration, strong system scalability and easy maintenance. The functional components of the robot based on the high-performance processing chip ensure the real-time control and scheduling of the system. The robot language instruction system is simple and easy to learn, with high efficiency and cost saving. Therefore, four-axis industrial robots can meet most industrial needs.
The other robot is a six-axis industrial robot. It is a brand-new numerical control application equipment with completely independent property rights. It is a typical industrial robot and can be widely used in industrial sites such as motion handling, assembly, and welding. This robot has the following characteristics: simple and convenient operating procedures based on BASIC, easy to maintain; advanced vibration suppression control; excellent maintenance capabilities using online display functions; enhanced torque speed control. The six-axis industrial robot is a combination of motion control technology and advanced design and industrial applications, which can meet the requirements of industrial sites. It adopts a six-joint series structure, and each joint is driven by an AC servo motor and a precision harmonic reducer, which is convenient for users to expand their functions. In terms of robot control, it adopts integrated image technology and PC technology, which is convenient for users to expand.
At present, my country's industrial robot market has broad development prospects, and the competitiveness and profitability of domestic robot manufacturers are gradually strengthening. As my country's industrial transformation and upgrading, labor costs continue to rise, and robot production costs decline, robots will be one of the key development targets during the future "13th Five-Year Plan" period, and the domestic robot industry is facing an inflection point of accelerated growth. Compared with service robots and commercial robots in the domestic market, which are still in the exploratory period, industrial robots have a certain foundation for development and are now entering the stage of full popularity.